Valium, on the appointment, is a calming and anticonvulsant preparation of group of benzodiazepines. The substance is a potent tranquilizer.
Valium reduces blood pressure, increases the pain threshold, dilates blood vessels, reduces painful seizures (paroxysms), reduces the production of gastric juice at night. The drug begins to act only on the 2-7th day of therapy. In people suffering from arrhythmia, cardialgia and paresthesia, the positive effect of the drug is observed after 7 days after the start of treatment. In the case of abstinence syndrome, which occurs in chronic alcoholism, this tranquilizer helps weaken manifestations of tremor, agitation, eliminates hallucinations and delirium (mental disorder, in which there is a violation of consciousness).
The drug fights the following symptoms:
- muscle spasms.
It also has an anesthetic effect on the body.
Valium is used in medical practice for the treatment of neuropsychological diseases:
- neurosis-like and psycho-like conditions
- phobias and obsessive mental disorders
- organic brain damage
- emotional disorders (increased feelings of anxiety and fear, excessive irritability, etc.)
- sleep disorders.
Scope of use
In combination with other drugs, the drug is sometimes prescribed in medicine to stop the withdrawal syndrome with alcoholism, but in this case, it happens that one drug is replaced by another.
It is also used for preoperative preparation of patients as an anesthetic.
As a sedative and hypnotic, Valium is prescribed to people with stomach ulcer, as it helps reduce the secretion of gastric juice.
Admission of Valium for too long time can lead to dependence on a preparation to get rid of which it is difficult enough. Despite the fact that the drug is less toxic to the body, it can still cause irreparable harm to human organs, disrupt their normal work and even lead to death.
Using Valium can lead to:
- dystonic extrapyramidal reactions (uncontrolled body movements).
Overdose can provoke:
- paradoxical agitation
- too deep dream
- impaired vision (nystagmus)
- shortness of breath
- severe weakness
- reduced response to painful stimulation
- oppression of cardiac and respiratory activity.
Flumazenil (exclusively in a hospital setting) is usually used to stop the action of the drug. However, this drug is contraindicated for epileptics who received Valium, since antagonistic action in relation to this drug can provoke epileptic seizures.
Valium drug interaction leads to the potentiation of alcohol, anticonvulsant, hypnotics, antihistamines and antihypertensive drugs, neuroleptics, tricyclic antidepressants, general anesthetics, muscle relaxants and analgesics. In combination with analeptics and psychostimulants, Valium loses its activity. Antacids reduce the rate of absorption of the active substance.
Use of this medication is recommended only by prescription.